Cyanide Poisoning Detection
What is Cyanide Poisoning
Cyanide poisoning results from inhaling hydrogen cyanide or ingesting the salts of hydrogen cyanide. Hydrogen cyanide is highly toxic because it inhibits the oxidative processes of the cells. Acute poisoning from hydrogen cyanide or cyanides is manifested by dizziness, nausea, staggering, and loss of consciousness. Death may occur rapidly after swallowing as little as 300 milligrams of the salts or inhaling as little as 100 milligrams of hydrogen cyanide. Exposure to concentrations of 200–500 parts of hydrogen cyanide per 1,000,000 parts of air for 30 minutes is also usually fatal. In sublethal doses, the cyanide is rapidly detoxified by the human body through combination with sulfur to form nontoxic sulfonamides, and recovery is usually complete within a few hours, with no permanent aftereffects.
Because the poison acts with extreme rapidity, recovery from poisoning depends upon the promptness with which antidotes are administered. Fatalities may be prevented by the administration of such antidotes as amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, and 25 percent sodium thiosulfate solution.
Where is cyanide Poisoning found?
- Factories that make plastics, paper, jewelry, or textiles
- In the soil, either naturally or from industrial processes
- Smoke from a fire or cigarette, or exhaust from a car
- Rarely, it could be used as an act of terrorism
What are the signs and symptoms of cyanide poisoning?
Cyanide poisoning symptoms of toxic cyanide exposure may appear within a few seconds to several minutes after exposure.
- Headache, dizziness, or confusion
- Anxiety or restlessness
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shortness of breath or rapid breathing
- Chest pain or a fast heartbeat
- Loss of consciousness
- Tachypnea/Hyperpnea (early)
- Bradypnea/Apnea (late)
- Hypertension (early)/ Hypotension (late)
- Cardiovascular Collapse
- Plasma Lactate Concentration ≥ 8 mmol/L
- Food and Drinks Poison Detection scans for dangerous levels of Cyanide and other poisons.