Things You Should Know About DNA Testing
With the growing popularity of DNA testing, the term has become quite common amongst people. DNA testing can be useful in many cases. Most commonly preferred in criminal or court cases, DNA testing is a popular method to track a person’s history, presence at a crime scene, trace genetic disorders or even prove parentage.
While forensics DNA testing is most common in various crimes or situations like rape, murder, and incest, nowadays more and more people are taking DNA tests to trace their heritage. If you are also wondering what a DNA test is and how it works, find out to read all you should know.
What is DNA?
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in humans and other organisms. It includes information about the bases that a human is made up of. DNA is the code that provides the instructions needed to create a living organism. Segments of DNA convert amino acids into proteins. These proteins help in creating new cells. It’s a chain of building blocks built from amino acids to proteins, proteins to cells, cells to tissues, tissues to organs, and organs to people. Put the DNS in a long chain of strands and you get chromosomes.
In simple words, DNA is the unique genetic code that distinguishes you from other people. While some of the code is genetically inherited by an organism from its parents, the DNA as a whole is always unique.
What is DNA Testing?
DNA testing is a process that identifies the chromosomes, genes, or proteins in a person’s DNA to determine various things. These may include establishing parentage, tracing ancestral history, and help police investigations.
How is DNA Testing Done?
DNA testing starts with sampling. You can either sent it to the lab or have a professional take your sample for you. After that, the information from your DNA is used for various purposes. Other than investigative uses, DNA testing can help you understand your ancestry and identify relatives you are unaware of by checking if you share sequences with other people on the DNA database.
How Many Types of DNA Testing are There?
There are three different test types:
Autosomal: Autosomal tests are the most common. They can be done on both men and women to trace their lineage. These tests can help you get reliable genetic information about four or five generations through which you can understand your family tree or even trace migrating patterns of past generations.
Y-DNA: The Y-DNA test is only done on men to trace DNA through their patrilineal ancestry that is from father to grandfather to great-grandfather.
mtDNA: mtDNA is matrilineal and can trace ancestry back through the mother, her mother, and so on.
How to Choose A DNA Testing Service?
DNA is extremely confidential information and should only be handled by reliable sources like the Carlson Company. We put your security foremost while collecting and storing all your information. With our state-of-the-art service, you can be assured that our DNA testing is not only done by reliable professionals but also stored by following high-security protocols.
To get your DNA testing done, get in touch with us.
Imagine ordering a DNA profile service from the Internet and the results show that you have a parent, a sibling or a family member that is linked to you, but you were not aware of it.
At The Carlson Company, we can identify that person and confirm the finding even if that person had passed on. We can use blood, bodily fluids, saliva, Hair strands, clothing items like a hat or underwear, etc., discarded tissues, condoms, bandages, cigarette butts and more as evidence samples for confirmation.