Drug and Toxic substances

Identification and Descriptions of Drug and Toxic substances

  • Marijuana: The cannabis plant. A preparation made from the dried flower clusters and leaves of the cannabis plant, usually smoked or eaten to induce euphoria.
  • Cocaine: A colorless or white crystalline alkaloid, C17H21NO4, extracted from coca leaves, sometimes used in medicine as a local anesthetic especially for the eyes, nose, or throat and widely used as an illicit drug for its euphoric and stimulating effects.
  • PCP: Ph.D. – A drug, C17H25N, used in veterinary medicine as an anesthetic and illegally used as a hallucinogen; PCP.
  • Methamphetamines: An amine derivative of amphetamine, C10H15N, used in the form of its crystalline hydrochloride as a central nervous system stimulant, both medically and illicitly.
  • Amphetamines: A colorless, volatile liquid, C9H13N, used as a central nervous system stimulant in the treatment of certain conditions, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, and narcolepsy, and abused illegally as a stimulant.
  • Barbiturates: A class of chemicals derived from barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid. Many of these are medically important as sedatives and hypnotics (sedatives, barbiturate), as anesthetics, or as anticonvulsants.
  • Methadone: A potent synthetic narcotic drug, C21H27NO, that is less addictive than morphine or heroin and is used as a substitute for these drugs in addiction treatment programs. It may also be used for chronic pain management.
  • Methaqualone: A potent synthetic narcotic drug, C21H27NO, that is less addictive than morphine or heroin and is used as a substitute for these drugs in addiction treatment programs. It may also be used for chronic pain management
  • Morphine: A bitter crystalline alkaloid, C17H19NO3·H2O, extracted from opium, the soluble salts of which are used in medicine as an analgesic, a light anesthetic, or a sedative. Also called morphia.
  • Benzodiazepines: Any of a group of chemical compounds with a common molecular structure and similar pharmacological effects, used as anti-anxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, hypnotics, and sometimes as anticonvulsants
  • Opiates: A drug, hormone, or other chemical substance having a sedative or narcotic effects similar to those containing opium or its derivatives: a natural brain opiate. Also called opioids. Something that dulls the senses and induces relaxation or torpor.
  • Ketamine: A general anesthetic given intravenously or intramuscularly and used especially for minor surgical procedures in which muscle relaxation is not required.
  • Rohypnol: A trademark used for the drug flunitrazepam. A powerful sedative drug, C16H12FN3O3, that is illegal in the United States but is used elsewhere as a hypnotic and in anesthesia. It is popularly known as the date rape drug because its ability to cause semi-consciousness and memory blackouts has led to its association with unwanted sexual encounters.
  • GHB: A fatty acid C4H8O3 that is a metabolite of gamma-aminobutyric acid, that is a depressant of the central nervous system, and that is used illicitly to produce sedative and euphoric effects or to stimulate release of growth hormone to increase muscle mass called also gamma Hydroxybutyrate. GHB drug test is effective to confirm if the blood has traces of GHB in it.
  • Xanax: Alprazolam, like all benzodiazepines, has the potential for abuse. Although it is not manufactured illegally and its misuse and abuse are dwarfed by benzodiazepines like flunitrazepam and temazepam, it is still often diverted to the black market, particularly in the United States where alprazolam is the most widely prescribed benzodiazepine. The state of relaxation, anxiolysis, and disinhibition induced by benzodiazepines is the main reason for their illicit use.

Acceptable test specimens you can submit by mail for evaluation

  • hair
  • nails
  • saliva
  • blood
  • urine
  • anybody fluid or combination of the above
  • likely sample sources for DNA

TYPICAL DRUG DETECTION PERIODS FOLLOWING SUBSTANCE INGESTION RELATED TO BLOOD AND URINE

Substance

Urine

Blood

Alcohol 35 days via Ethyl Gluconoride (EtG) metabolite or 10/12 hours via a traditional method 12 hours
Amphetamines (except meth) 1 to 2 days 12 hours
Methamphetamine 2 to 4 days 24 hours
Barbiturates (except Phenobarbital) 2 to 3 days 1 to 2 days
Phenobarbital 7 to 14 days 4 to 7 days
Cannabis Therapeutic use: 3 days. Chronic use (over one year): 4 to 6 weeks 6 to 48 hours
Cocaine
  • Single-Use: 5 to 7 days
  • Prolonged Use: 3 to 4 weeks.
12 days
Codeine 2 to 4 days with exceptions for certain kidney disorders 24 hours
Cotinine (a break-down product of nicotine) 2 days 12 hours
Morphine 2 to 4 days 2 to 4 days
Heroin 2 days 6 hours
LSD 2 to 24 hours 0 to 3 hours
Methadone 3 days 24 hours
PCP 14 days; up to 30 days in chronic users 24 hours

The analysis can also include a screen for heavy metals (e.g. arsenic, gold, mercury, platinum, lead, silver, etc..

Standard TAT( turn around time) is 12-14 business days. Express service is available with TAT( turn around time) being three to five (3-5) business days following sample reception. Express service is subject to additional fees.

Our testing laboratory evaluates client samples using the latest in instrumentation including; EIA, GC/MS, ICP-MS, IC/ICP-MS, Fluorescence, HPLC See Below.

Lab Analytical Capabilities

  • GCMS – Gas Chromatography Coupled Mass Spectroscopy
  • ICP-MS – Inductively Coupled Plasma/Mass Spectrometry (chemical analysis)-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
  • HPLC – High-performance liquid chromatography
  • Microscopy

Custom Toxicology Testing designed to meet your sample testing requirements

  • Non-invasive sample collection